Football Season

Football is one of the most competitive sports in America. Children, teens, and adults play football either for recreation or professionally. There are a variety of injuries that can occur in football players, that are either acute or happen as a result of overuse and repetitive motions.
Football is a high contact sport, and players are typically prone to injuries like sprains, strains, dislocations and fractures. Players wear a variety of padding and protective gear to help guard against injuries, but these conditions still occur due to the nature of the sport, where the players collide with each other, the ball, and the field.

CAUSES
• Excessive stretching and tearing of muscle or tendon fibers from strains usually occur in the muscle or where the muscle attaches to the bone.
• A sudden violent action that forces the joint beyond its limits can result in a complete tear of a ligament which then progresses to a joint dislocation or fracture of a bone in the joint.
• Severe injuries to the joints of 8 to 15 year olds can result in an avulsion fracture that involves the growth plate. If not treated properly by a physical therapist this injury could result in bad long-term effects.
• Colliding with another player, the ball, or the field can cause a traumatic injury like a fracture.

Prevention
The best way to avoid football related injuries is to be trained in proper technique and mechanics. Additionally, proper training and conditioning so that players are prepared for the demands of the game whether playing recreationally or competitively is crucial to avoid the occurrence of an injury. Players should also be properly outfitted in the necessary protective equipment.

Author
Dr. Nima Patel

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