Impingement Syndrome


Impingement Syndrome is a diagnosis that can cause a lot of pain in any area of the shoulder. Impingement occurs when there is not enough space in an area. A space can be occupied unwontedly due to inflammation, edema (swelling), postural problems, joint misalignment or irritation of a tendon or bursa (sac that increases surface area and decreases friction). When one or more of these structures is irritated, the shoulder does not have as much freedom of movement and pain is associated with those movements. The pain typically occurs at the top or back side of the shoulder.

The following activities can cause or contribute to shoulder impingement:

  • Poor Posture
  • Throwing/Pitching
  • Repetitive Overuse – job activities
  • Falling on an arm

The activities that can cause or contribute to facet joint pain include but are not limited to the following:

  • Football
  • Baseball/Softball
  • Lacrosse
  • Field Hockey
  • Wrestling
  • Dancing
  • Band – instrument holding/playing
  • Gymnastics
  • Swimming
  • Tennis
  • Volleyball
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